Cardiology surgery India
Cardiology is a specialty dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The field includes diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Apart from divisions of Pediatric and Preventive and Rehabilitative Cardiology, Cardiology as such is categorized into the following main functional units:
- Non-invasive Cardiology
- Interventional Cardiology
- Cardiac Electrophysiology/Pacing
- Complete Heart Check up
- Congenitial Heart Diseases
- Heart Disease of New Born & Chi ldren
- Doppler Studies
- TEE Echo
- Stress Echo
- Stress/Resting Thallium
- Multi-Gated Radionuclear Ventriculography
- Coronary MR Angiography
- Dual Head Gamma Camera Interventional Cardiology
- Coronary, Carotid, Renal, Peripheral Angiography
- Balloon Mitral, Aortice & Pulmonary Valvuloplasty
- Rotational and Directonal Artherectomy
- Beating Heart
- Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
- Peripheral Vascular Surgery
- Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting The CABG bypass surgical procedure involves grafting an artery or vein from elsewhere in the patient's body (Eg.leg) to bypass a stenotic coronary artery.
- Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) The angioplasty procedure involves enlarging the opening/radius of a coronary artery by expanding it with a balloon.
- Arotic Aneurysm Surgery
- Arrhythmia Surgery
- Paediatric Surgery
- Valve Surgery
- Non-surgical repair of defects in the heart
- 1. Valves
- 2. Congenital defects (ASD, VSD, PDA)
- 3. Vascular (Aneurysm, Carotid arteries)
Congenital heart defectsCongenital heart defects are defects in the structure of the heart which are present at birth.
- Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) This consists of four anatomical abnormalities. Namely, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, ventricular septal defect (VSD) and overriding aorta. VSD is a defect in the ventricular septum that allows blood flow between the ventricles.
- Atrial septal defect (ASD) Defect in the interatrial septum that permits blood flow between atria, including a patent foramen ovale (PFO).
- Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) This consists of the failure of the ductus arteriosus to close at the time of child birth.
- Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) This is the abnormal spatial arrangement and development of the great vessels (superior vena cava, pulmonary arteries, inferior vena cava, pulmonary veins and the aorta).
- Persistent truncus arteriosus Defect in that the truncus arteriosus fails to divide.
- Patent foramen ovale (PFO) The is an atrial septal defect (ASD) in which the foramen ovale fails to close naturally at birth.
- Bicuspid aortic valve Existence of two valve leaflets in the patient's aortic valve instead of three leaflets.
- Cardiac Electrophysiology Studies
- Radio-Frequency Catheter Ablation
- Pacemaker and Defribrillator Implantation
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