Knee replacement surgery India
The knee in the human body is a hinge joint involving the thigh bone and the shin bone. Knee replacement surgery is a technique that removes a diseased knee joint and replaces it with an artificial joint (prosthesis). One of the most common reasons for this operation is severe osteoarthritis, which causes relentless pain, joint deformity and mobility problems. Knee replacement surgery is known as 'total knee arthroplasty'.
A unicompartmental knee replacement is at times used instead of a total knee replacement. This is when only one side of the knee has been damaged by osteoarthritis. Unicompartmental knee replacements involve smaller incisions, reduced bleeding, quicker recovery, and less bone loss than a total knee replacement.
What is knee replacement surgery?
Knee replacement surgery some or all of the components of the knee joint (that is the damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of knee joint) is replaced with a synthetic implant. Thus the damaged weight-bearing surfaces that are causing pain is replaced or replaced. A total knee replacement surgery replaced all components of the damaged knee joint. While partial knee replacement includes implant in just one or two compartments of the knee, the undamaged part is left untouched. There are some non-surgical and surgical interventions for knee replacement but they provide only temporary relief. Long term resolution for any knee damage will be joint replacement.
Total knee Replacement is very helpful in following problems:
Activities that are limited due to pain like walking, climbing stairs and getting in and out of chairs, or even moderate or severe knee pain at rest.
Knee function or mobility is restricted, like chronic knee stiffness and swelling that prevents one from bending and straightening the knee.
When other method to relief pain fails like resting, weight loss, physical therapy a cane or other walking aid, medications, braces and surgery. Knee deformity, that is a joint that bows in or out.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Total knee replacement is a highly successful surgical procedure and also termed as total knee arthroplasty which includes replacement of all three compartments of the knee. The medial compartment that is the inside portion of the knee, the lateral compartment that is the outside of the knee and the patellofemoral compartment that is in front of the knee. A partial knee replacement, replaces only the affected compartment of the knee. Like for osteoarthritis patients for whom only one compartment of the knee is affected. Read more on Total knee Replacement surgery
Knee Resurfacing and Partial Knee Replacement
Partial Knee replacement surgery also called as Partial Knee Resurfacing or Knee Resurfacing maintains the healthy component of the knee and replaces the damaged surface of the knee. Patients for whom due to arthritic deterioration of the knee is limited to one or two of the compartments of the knee, then knee resurfacing may be an option. Read more on Partial Knee Replacement surgery.
Knee replacement surgery procedure
During a knee replacement surgery, the bone and cartilage on the end of the thigh bone (femur) and top of the shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is performed using precision instruments to create exact surfaces to fit the implant. A metal and plastic knee replacement implant is then fitted in to function as a new knee joint. Based on the condition of the cartilage on the undersurface of the kneecap, this may also have to be replaced. Indian hospitals provide you world class medical treatment at very competitive costs. For information please contact us over the email at email@example.com or call the 24x7 customer care helpline- +19208895302 or +919891497299